The course is in four parts.
1 What are human rights?
- Defining the term
- The values underlying human rights
- How human rights develop
- Examples of struggles for human rights
- Human rights duties and obligations
- Dealing with rights that conflict with each other.
2 Monitoring, enforcement and protection
- How rights are enshrined in law.
- How to monitor that laws are being enforced:
- In particular places, such as prisons, courts, hospitals and schools
- In particular situations, such as an election
- On specific issues, such as child labour or female circumcision.
The mechanisms and bodies set up to make monitoring easier.
3 The human rights system
- The treaties and laws that encode human rights as enforceable
- statements of law, such as:
- The Universal Declaration of Human Rights
- The International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights
- The International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights
- How courts enforce and neglect different kinds of human rights
- The set of international laws that govern situations of armed conflict.
4 Values in a human rights organisation
A human rights organisation should reflect the underlying values of human rights – not only in its monitoring and campaigning but also in its own practice. These values and practices include:
- Respect for other people
- Tolerance of different points of view
- Participation of staff in decision-making
- Transparency in the decision-making process
- Accountability of managers, staff and office-holders
- Fair pay and terms of service
- Good working conditions
- Sensitivity on issues of gender.