Anatomy of a Global Failure


Introduction: why a political analysis?

Part 1 Africa's economic backwardness
1 Sources and methods for the analysis
2 South of the Sahara
3 The origins of Africa's agricultural failure
4 Analysing the exploitation of peasants
5 North Africa and the Arab world: from statism to comprador capitalism
6 False analyses, false solutions
7 Conceptions of Africa's agricultural development: a critique
8 Industrialisation and the agricultural revolution

Part 2. The decade of drift: 1975–1985
9 The excitement of the Bandung plan (1955-73)
10 The battle for a new international economic order (NIEO): 1974-1980
11 Structural costs; the stakes; the struggle for the NIEO
12 Africa: from the Lagos plan (1980) to the world bank plan and the United Nations Conference (1986)
13 Debt and the threat of a financial crash
14 The efforts of radical African nationalism: adjustment or delinking?

Part 3. The crisis of state
15 Nation-state and the ideology of nation in crisis
16 Ethnicity: myth and reality
17 The cultural dimension of development in Africa and the third world
18 The cultural dimension: the example of the crisis in the Arab world today - the end of the Nahda?
19 New forms of social movement

Part 4. Complexities of international relations: Africa's vulnerability and external intervention
20 African economies' vulnerability vis-à-vis the challenge of capitalism's new worldwide expansion
21 Some specific aspects of Africa's economic integration in the world system, ACP-EEC association and Euro-American mercantile conflict
22 Special links with France: the Franc zone
23 Evolution in Euro-Arab relations: interwoven economics and politics
24 Conflict and national and regional security in Africa
25 The Middle East conflict in a world perspective
26 Africa and the Arab world in the world system

Part 5. Alternative development for Africa and the third world
27 Inequality in income distribution the centre and periphery
28 The alternative: popular national development, social and political democracy, delinking
29 Obstacles to popular national, autocentric and delinked development

Part 6. Political and social conditions for alternative development in the third world
30 Impossibility of the bourgeois national state in the peripheries of the world system
31 Inequality in the worldwide expansion of capitalism; the state's central role
32 The worldwide spread of value
33 A return to the third world?
34 The consequences of unequal development
35 The issue of democracy
36 The historical subject of the popular national option; the role of the intelligentsia

Part 7. Inter-African and south-south co-operation
37 Pan-Africanism in the light of the colonial inheritance
38 The problematic of the Arab nation
39 Afro-arab co-operation
40 Prospects for south-south co-operation

Part 8. A polycentric world favourable to development: a possibility?
41 The scope and stakes of the global crisis
42 Conservative forces' offensive
43 The difficulties of forecasting
44 The real options for the peoples of the West
45 Options for socialist societies and east-west relations
46 The genuine long-term option, transnationalisation or a polycentric world and broad autocentric regions
47 Conclusion: a crisis of transnationalisation, ideology and development theory