Ending Aid Dependence

Ending Aid Dependence

Sep 14, 2010
As former Tanzanian President, Benjamin W. Mkapa, stated in his forward,

At a time when the competition for oil, fuels, land and commodities is heating up between the older industrial countries of the North and the emerging industrial countries of the South such as Brazil, China, India and South Africa, 'aid' from the North could be a means of tying down the aid recipient countries – especially in Africa, which appears to be the principal target for aid – to the colonial apron strings of the older empire.

- Amir Demeke, East African

Oct 15, 2009
This is certainly not a question of the umpteenth book on development aid. The originality of this book, its force and its radicality, are summarized in its title: ending aid dependence (implied development aid). Yash Tandon, former director of the South Centre in Geneva, an intergovernmental organization of developing States, offers us a compassionate and healing reflection (in the sense of inspiring optimism), a view point for changing the South, destined for all those who interest themselves in questions of bad development. He draws his inspiration from Julius Nyerere, the first President of Tanzania, to propose another definition of development summarized by the following mathematical formula: development = SF + DF - IF; here SF represents the Social Factor (the indispensable well-being of a person), DF the Democratic Factor (the right of people to participate in decisions that affect them), and IF the Imperial Factor (the right of nations to govern themselves and to be free of all imperial domination). This formula contrasts the one generally accepted (and used by agencies of the UN): development = growth + accumulation of riches.

- CETIM (Centre Europe - Tiers Monde), CETIM (Centre Europe - Tiers Monde)

Pambazuka News
Dec 17, 2009
What these two books have in common is firstly that they have exceptionally compelling titles for those interested in their subject matter. Secondly, is the obvious fact that they are concerned with aid and Africa. Thirdly, these books will interest those students, policymakers and government officials who ostensibly claim to be interested in eradicating aid. However, this is where their similarities end. The two authors have sharply contrasting ideological visions for Africa's disengagement from aid dependency. This is indisputably on account of their backgrounds. Moyo has worked at the World Bank and Goldman Sachs, studied at Harvard and Oxford universities, whereas Tandon is a radical scholar, public intellectual and former director of the South Centre (an intergovernmental think tank of the developing countries). In other words, their different experiences not only inform their analysis of aid, but their wholly differing prescriptive solutions to Africa's myriad problems, which they agree are rooted in aid dependency.

- Ama Biney, Pambazuka News

'The message of this book needs to be seriously considered and debated by all those that are interested in the development of the countries of the South. If this means the rethinking of old concepts and methods of work, then let it be so'
- Benjamin W. Mkapa, former President of Tanzania (1995–2005)

Some estimates put the "aid' received by poor countries at over half a trillion dollars in the past 30 years. Yet the history of development over that period shows that poor countries have got poorer, especially in Africa. What explains this apparent paradox where such "generosity' has worked in reverse?

Analysis of the phenomenon reveals that "aid' contributes little to wealth creation and in many cases leads to impoverishment. "Aid' often takes the form of goods which the donor cannot use or sell; drug companies give expired medicines to countries in need; much "aid' is tied to goods and services from the donor and never leaves that country; consultants are paid at exorbitant rates.

- Patrick Wilmot writes from London. A Jamaican, he's a visiting professor at Ahmadu Bello and Jos universities in Nigeria and the author of Seeing Double.

Daily Nation
Millions of dollars in aid money is sent to developing nations each year, but poverty remains a major issue. This is the alleged dilemma being studied at an international conference that got underway yesterday in Ghana. Ministers from over a hundred countries are meeting with the heads of bilateral and multilateral agencies and representatives from a handful of non-governmental organisations to debate how best to channel funds intended to pay for development work. The High Level Forum on Aid Effectiveness is a significant event for the aid industry, but it looks as though it will deliver very little in the way of positive change.

- Rasna Warah, Daily Nation

Aug 19, 2008
Whilst aid experts from all around the world prepare to go to Accra to discuss how aid can be made more effective, three writers (Tandon, Glennie and Warah) are preparing to launch/ have just launched new books, all of which argue that poor countries need to become less dependent on aid.

Yash Tandon from the South Centre has written a book entitled "Ending aid dependence". Benjamin W. Mkapa (President of Tanzania 1995-2005) in his forward to the book says that"The primary and long-term objective of this monograph is to initiate a debate on development aid, and to lay out a doable strategy for ending aid dependence."

- Lucy Hayes, BetterAid.org

May 27, 2009
I urge my fellow Africans to read this little book.

Yash Tandon questions every assumption made about aid. Aid turns out not to be what the average person thinks it is.

Tandon classifies aid into 5 categories. Only one category can ligitemately claim the status of aid. The author shows how aid is used as a tool by the donors ( who happen to be former imperial powers ) to control the reciepients ( most of whom are former colonial subjects ). Every policy space of the reciepients is controlled by the donors. As a result, the reciepients are answerable not to their own people, but to the donors. World Bank officials sit in the central banks and ministries of finance of reciepient countries.

- Dr M.S. Nkolokosa